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Russian cosmism

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Part of Ideology series on
Transhumanism
(humanist philosophies)
Ideologies

Abolitionism
Democratic transhumanism
Extropianism
Immortalism
Libertarian transhumanism
Posthumanism
Postgenderism
Russian cosmism
Singularitarianism
Technogaianism

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Transhumanism in fiction
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List of transhumanists

Organizations

Applied Foresight Network
Alcor Life Extension Foundation
Foresight Institute
Humanity Plus
Immortality Institute
Singularity Institute for Artificial Intelligence

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Russian cosmism is a cosmocentric philosophical and cultural movement that emerged in Russia in the early 20th century. It entails a broad theory of natural philosophy combining elements of religion and ethics, a history and philosophy of the origin, evolution and future existence of the cosmos and humankind. It combines elements from both Eastern and Western philosophic traditions as well as from the Russian Orthodox Church.

Many ideas of the Russian cosmists were later developed by those in the transhumanism movement.

Representatives Edit

Among the major representatives of Russian cosmism was Nikolai Fyodorovich Fyodorov (1828—1903), an advocate of radical life extension by means of scientific methods, human immortality and resurrection of dead people.

File:Tsiolkovsky.jpg

The Earth is the cradle of humanity, but one cannot live in a cradle forever!

—Konstantin Tsiolkovsky[1]

Konstantin Tsiolkovsky (1857—1935) was the first pioneer of theoretical space exploration and cosmonautics. In 1903, he published Исследование мировых пространств реактивными приборами (The Exploration of Cosmic Space by Means of Reactive Devices [Rockets]), the first serious scientific work on space travel. Tsiolkovsky believed that colonizing space would lead to the perfection of the human race, with immortality and a carefree existence. He also developed ideas of the "animated atom" (panpsychism), and "radiant mankind".

Other Ukrainian-Russian cosmists included Vladimir Vernadsky (1863—1945), who developed the notion of noosphere, and Alexander Chizhevsky (1897—1964), pioneer of Heliobiology.

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ReadingEdit

be-x-old:Расейскі касьмізм es:Cosmismo ruso it:Cosmismo ja:ロシア宇宙主義 pt:Cosmismo ro:Cosmism ru:Космизм uk:Космізм

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